To start Ihram after praying an obligatory or supererogatory Salah.
To wear white rida’ and izar (Upper and Lower Ihram garb) because this was the practice of the Messenger (peace be upon him).
Clipping nails, trimming the mustache, plucking the armpit hair and shaving the pubic hair for the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) had done so.
Bathing for Ihram. Bathing is also recommended for women in menses and in post delivery state. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordered one of Abu Bakrs wives, who intended to perform Hajj to wash herself after she had delivered.
"The Talbiyah is to be uttered when the pilgrim commence Ihram at the Miqat. It is recommended to utter Talbiyah while embarking, disembarking, at the time of Adhan or at the end of Salah."
"Labbayk, Allahumma Labbayik -- Labbayk La Shareek Laka Labbayk-- Innal-hamda Wanimata laka wal-mulk -- La shareeka lak.
Here I come to you O Allah. Here I am to worship you. Here I am to respond to you. There is no partner with you. Here I come to you, verily Praise, Bounty, and Dominion belong to you. There is no partner with you."
He further said: These places are for the inhabitants of these region and for those who pass by intending to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah. The starting point to perform Hajj and Umrah for the inhabitants of Makkah is Makkah itself by entering into the state of Ihram and reciting Talbiyah."
"To make intention of Ihram from the Miqat (Prescribed place from where Ihram starts). Ibn ‘Abbas said: The Messenger of Allah had designated Dhul-al-Hulaifah for the people of Madinah, Al-Juhfah for the people of Syria, Qarn Al-Manazil for the People of Najd and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen as starting points of Ihram.
If the pilgrim fails to do one of the duties he has to slaughter an animal. If he cannot afford to slaughter an animal, he has to fast The duties of Ihram are:
"Sexual intercourse, because Allah the Most High said: there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Hajj.[Quran 2:197]"
To marry or propose for marriage. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: A man in the state of Ihram shall not be married or allowed to propose.
"Killing game (animals hunted as food) of the land. Allah the Most High said: You who believe! Kill not game while in Ihram. [Noble Quran 5:95]"
Wearing sewn clothes.
Clipping the nails whether of the hands or the feet.
Shaving or shortening any hair of the body.
Covering the head.
These are the acts prohibited while one is in the state of Ihram. If one commits any one of them, he has to offer Fidya. They are: